Women's Health

Nutritious fruits you should eat during pregnancy

During pregnancy, your little one depends on you to provide the nutrition they need. That’s why it’s time to make sure you’re making the best food choices for baby — and for yourself.

It’s important to eat a well-balanced diet that includes lots of fruits and veggies. These powerful foods have much of what you — and your baby — need to stay healthy.

Let’s talk about the very best ones you’ll want to keep on hand. And don’t forget: Frozen and canned fruits and vegetables are often just as nutritious as the fresh kind, so don’t feel like you have to get them all straight from the farmer’s market.

Benefits of eating fruits during pregnancy

When you’re pregnant, it’s important to eat nutritious food and avoid empty calories. In fact, if you eat mostly junk food during your pregnancy, you may be setting up your baby for a lifelong preference for fat and sugar, according to a 2013 study.

Fruits and vegetables are filled with nutrients. When you add a variety of them to your diet, you’ll likely get most of the vitamins, minerals, and fiber that you and your baby need.

Eating fruits and vegetables also helps prevent constipation, a common symptom during pregnancy. Get thee to a produce aisle and you won’t regret it.

7 nutritious fruits you should eat during pregnancy

If you’re pregnant, you might be craving something sugary. But try not to make a habit of reaching for a piece of cake or a candy bar to satisfy that sweet tooth. Fruit is the perfect solution.

It offers the sweetness you crave and the nutrition you need. Enjoy these fruits as part of a healthy pregnancy diet in salads, in smoothies, over yogurt, or as a snack anytime.

1. Oranges

Oranges help you stay hydrated. They’re also a great source of folate, or folic acid. Folate is a B vitamin that’s very important in helping prevent brain and spinal cord defects, also known as neural tube defects.

The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) recommends taking 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid per day before you start trying for a baby, then at least 600 mcg per day while pregnant.

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Oranges are a great sourceTrusted Source of vitamin C, too. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps prevent cell damage. It also helps your body absorb iron.

Plus, it doesn’t hurt that these little vitamin bombs are so tasty.

2. Mangoes

Mangoes are another great source of vitamin C. One cup gives you almost 100 percent of your recommended daily allowance.

Mangoes are also high in vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency at birth is associated with lower immunity and a higher risk of complications, like diarrhea and respiratory infections.

Although rare, it’s possible to get too much vitamin A, according to a 2019 research review. Mangoes are a great addition to your pregnancy diet, but eat them in moderation, along with a variety of other fruits.

3. Avocados

Avocados have more folate than other fruits. They’re also a great source of:

  • vitamin C
  • vitamin B
  • vitamin K
  • fiber
  • choline
  • magnesium
  • potassium

Some women say that avocados help relieve nausea, possibly because of the potassium and magnesium in the fruit.

Potassium may also help relieve leg cramps, a common pregnancy symptom. Leg cramps are often caused by low potassium and magnesium.

Choline is important for the development of your baby’s brain and nerves. Choline deficiency may cause neural tube defects and lifetime memory impairment.

4. Lemons

In one 2014 study, pregnant people reported some success in using lemons or lemon scent to help relieve pregnancy-related nausea.

Lemons are also high in vitamin C. They help stimulate the digestive system to relieve constipation. Consider adding some to your water or tea.

5. Bananas

Bananas are another good source of potassium. They also contain vitamin B6, vitamin C, and fiber. Constipation is very common during pregnancy. It may be caused by:

  • uterine pressure on the intestines
  • worry
  • anxiety
  • a low-fiber diet
  • iron in prenatal vitamins

Adding fiber-rich bananas may help. Research from 2014 shows that vitamin B6 may help relieve nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy as well.

6. Berries

Berries — such as blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, blackberries, and goji berries — are rich in all kinds of goodness, such as:

  • carbohydrates
  • vitamin C
  • fiber
  • folate

They also contain phytonutrients like flavonoids and anthocyanins.

Carbohydrates give you much-needed energy, and they pass easily through your placenta to nourish your baby.

It’s important to eat mostly nutrient-dense complex carbohydrates like berries instead of processed, simple carbohydrates like doughnuts, cakes, and cookies.

Consider whipping up a smoothie with both bananas and berries for a vitamin-packed meal or snack.

7. Apples

Apples are high in fiber and are a good source of vitamin C. Plus, they contain vitamin A, potassium, and pectin. Pectin is a prebiotic that feeds the good bacteria in your gut.

For the best bang for your nutrient buck, eat the peel — just make sure to rinse it with lots of water first.

Apples are portable and can be added to many recipes, so make sure to stock up when you’re filling your produce bag. Check here for several benefits of eating apples.

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