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North Korea claims a successful launch of a spy satellite following previous failures.

North Korea claims it has successfully put a military spy satellite into space, after two earlier attempts failed this year.

It follows a summit in September between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Kim Jong Un, during which Moscow promised Pyongyang assistance with its space program.

South Korea claims it has not yet confirmed whether or not the satellite is working.

However, it claims that Russia assisted the North.

Following the launch, South Korea declared that it would resume border surveillance with the North, thus suspending elements of a 2018 agreement between the two countries to reduce military tensions.

The satellite, dubbed Malligyong-1, had “accurately” entered orbit, according to North Korean state news agency KCNA, and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had witnessed the launch.

The launch has been condemned by the United Nations, which maintains sanctions against North Korea owing to its nuclear missile development, as well as other countries such as the United States and Japan.

The Secretary-General of the United Nations said: “Any launch by [North Korea] using ballistic missile technology is contrary to the relevant Security Council resolutions.”

He underlined his appeal for the North to resume its denuclearization efforts.

The White House condemned the launch as a “brazen violation” of UN resolutions, while Japan’s prime minister, Fumio Kishida, also condemned the launch, which flew past the country’s Okinawa province and on to the Pacific Ocean.

The Japanese government issued a brief emergency alert, advising inhabitants of Okinawa to seek shelter. North Korea informed Japan on Monday that it intended to relaunch its satellite. It attempted and failed twice this year, in May and August.

Mr. Kishida criticized the launch “in the strongest terms” and said he had filed a complaint with North Korea.

“Even if the purpose is to launch a satellite, using ballistic missile technology is a clear violation of the relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions,” Mr. Kishida said.

“It is also a very serious matter that greatly concerns the safety of our people.”

The launch occurred earlier than expected, outside of the nine-day window Pyongyang had informed Japan about. This was meant to begin on Wednesday and expire on November 30 at 23:59 local time (14:59 GMT).

According to KCNA, the North’s space agency used the Sohae launch complex in the country’s northwest, near to the border with China, for the mission.

The North Korean assertion that it successfully launched the spy satellite has yet to be confirmed.

If the rocket is proven to be a spy satellite, it will be the North’s third attempt to launch one this year.

Earlier, Japan said it will engage with South Korea and the United States to “strongly urge” the North not to fire the missile, which would violate UN resolutions.

According to the Japan Coast Guard, Pyongyang’s warning defined three marine zones where debris from the rocket carrying the satellite is expected to fall.

Two are located to the west of the Korean Peninsula, while the other is located to the east of the Philippines’ island of Luzon.

Kang Ho-pil, top director of operations at the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff, warned that Seoul would take “necessary measures” if the launch went forward.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un desires a spy satellite because it will allow him to better monitor impending strikes and plot his own.

The United Nations Security Council, on the other hand, has barred Pyongyang from launching satellites, seeing them as a pretext to test the North’s missile technology.

South Korea recovered wreckage from the North’s first launch in May, concluding that the satellite had “no military utility.” After a failed second attempt in August, Pyongyang’s space agency stated that it would try again in October but did not.

After a summit with Mr. Kim in September, Russian President Vladimir Putin intimated that Moscow may assist Pyongyang in building satellites, but the specifics of what was promised were unclear.

South Korea said earlier this month that it intends to launch its own spy satellite by the end of November. The satellite will be launched aboard a SpaceX rocket.

According to reports, this is the first of five surveillance satellites that Seoul aims to launch into space by 2025.\

 

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